A big mark in my mind left the novel “Hero of Our Time”. Yu. Lermontov. For me, first of all, it is extremely valuable and expensive that in the novel raises vital problems, such as the problem of happiness, the problem of good and evil, the problem of predestination and freedom, self-will.

The main character of Lermontov needs to solve all these problems with a single goal in order to better understand the meaning of life. After all, the comprehension of truth allows you to approach many mysteries of being, and therefore, to the meaning of life.
The flowering of Lermontov’s creativity took place in the 30s of the XIX century. On the one hand, this is the period of the Nicholas reaction, which began after the Decembrist uprising; On the other hand, this is the time when the inability to realize oneself in the field of social activity makes the then intelligentsia go into philosophy. Herzen called this era “era of thought and reason.”
These philosophical searches in society are reflected in the novel “The Hero of Our Time”, which, according to Belinsky, “is not a collection of stories and stories, it is a novel in which one hero and one main theme are artistically developed.” It is very important, by the way, that the stories are not in order.
This, I think, allows you to more accurately convey the psychological details that are necessary for revealing the nature of Pechorin. At the beginning of the novel Lermontov shows the hero of our time through the eyes of Maxim Maksimych in the story “Bela.” I think that here the writer wants to show not only his objective attitude to Pechorin, but also to give an assessment of the person who first saw him. “Yes, with great strangeness, and, perhaps, a rich man …” Maxim Maxim We see how contradictory the man Pechorin, but he sees only a superficial layer of this inconsistency. “What is Maxim Maximich,” where he gives a psychological portrait of the hero, sketched by the author himself. I believe that Lermontov with the help of this portrait portrays some psychological subtleties, for example, the eyes are likened to the gloss of smooth steel, to once again see our attention to the contradictoriness, ambiguity of his nature. “His walk was careless and lazy, but I noticed that he does not wave his arms – a sure sign of some kind of secrecy of character.” Even in the preface to the novel, the author says that “The hero of our time, my dear rulers, is exactly a portrait, but not one person: selected from the vices of our entire generation.” We see that Pechorin is a gifted nature, the author has very thoroughly recreated many of the features and properties of his character’s character. Pechorin has an analytical mind, which gives him the right and the opportunity to fairly and judiciously judge life, about people. Pechorin is distinguished by “reflection”, which generates a critical attitude not only to himself, but also to others. Pechorin is a selfish man, any of his whims should be fulfilled. Our hero admits that he was fighting the light and with himself. Realizing his cruelty, Pechorin understands that he is indifferent to the cripple, and this does not prevent him from being “me”: “… my soul is spoiled by light, my imagination is restless, my heart is insatiable, everything is not enough for me …” Pechorin’s heart froze. In this sense, it is characteristic, perhaps, to bring Pechorin’s conversation with the princess Mary, where he awakens her interest in herself, he conducts himself here quite sincerely. This is very important for revealing the nature of Pechorin, because sometimes because of the veil of selfishness the soul of Pechorin shows up with its weaknesses and with its powerful states. Pechorin’s soul is most fully revealed in the story “Princess Mary”, where we see how he is in love with nature. He perceives nature as a poet – light, pure. “The air is fresh and pure, like a kiss of a child.” We see how he spiritualizes him and how he himself is spiritualized, we understand that Pechorin is not only the focus of all the BAD, but at the same time he holds good instincts. Pechorin met with friendly ties, believing that “one of two friends is a worker”, also Pechorin does not believe in love. Not finding in his life his worthy support, he chose evil and thus signed his soul a verdict. The individualism of the hero is the cause of his spiritual tragedy. The problems raised in the “Fatalist” make it possible to better understand many of the fates. Not chorina about life. He does not want, for example, to recognize H I and. Fate over self. Pechorin loves life, and, rushing into the tivino into a whirlpool of adventures, he thereby sent a challenge to fate. I think that here Pechorin is right, it’s impossible to look around forever, to be afraid of life forever. “I always go forward when I do not know what awaits me.” Pechorin subjects inevitably to doubt those moral principles that are inextricably linked with God. Solves the problem of good and evil, realizing that this is not only a moral problem, but also a philosophical one. The author’s position is revealed through the subject of the hero’s views. Moreover, the author with intent unites all the characters around the main character. Against the backdrop of the “water tsas”